Combustion Characterization of Individual Bio-oil Droplets

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Abstract

Single droplet combustion characteristics has been investigated for bio-oil slurries, containing biomass residue, and compared to conventional fuels for pulverized burners, such as fuel oil (start up) and wood chips (solid biomass fuel). The investigated fuels ignition delays and pyrolysis behavior was tested in a single particle reactor at conditions relevant for suspension firing (A: 1200 °C, 5.5 % O2; B: 1200 °C, 2.9 % O2 and C: 990 °C, 5.5 % O2). The slurries were tested to optimize the bio-oil composition for use as an alternative power plant start-up fuel. Pyrolysis times for 5 mg bio-oil samples (app. dp 1 mm) were generally in a similar range (1300 to 2700 ms) as fuel oil, (app 1800 ms) and wood blocks (app 2400 ms), within the 600 ms standard deviation. The 5 different bio-oil slurries samples showed considerable data variability, indicating some extent of sample heterogeneity. With respect to the ignition delay, the bio-oils were in contrast to the fuel oil (125±70 ms), associated with either a longer ignition delay or an ignition phase with sporadic gas phase ignitions (350 to 1050 ms with no stable flame), which could be a cause for concern for a start-up fuel, due to flame lift above the nozzles and thereby decreased flame stability. Most promising were oil or diesel (not palm oil) containing slurries (1 and 5) with heating values in the range of 15 MJ/kg.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of The Nordic Flame Days 2015
Number of pages5
Publication date2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventThe Nordic Flame Days 2015 - Comwell Borupgaard Hotel , Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 6 Oct 20157 Oct 2015
http://flamedays2015.sfrc.se/

Conference

ConferenceThe Nordic Flame Days 2015
LocationComwell Borupgaard Hotel
CountryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period06/10/201507/10/2015
Internet address

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