Color development and acrylamide content of pre-dried potato chips

Franco Pedreschi, Jorge León, Domingo Mery, Pedro Moyano, Romina Pedreschi, Karl Kaack, Kit Granby

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this work was to study the development of color formation in pre-dried potato slices during frying and acrylamide formation in the final potato chips. Color measurement was done by using an inexpensive computer vision technique which allowed quantifying representatively and precisely the color of complex surfaces such as those of potato chips in L*a*b* units from RGB images. Prior to frying, potato slices (Desiree variety, diameter: 37 mm, width: 2.2 mm) were blanched in hot water at 85 degrees C for 3.5 min. Unblanched slices were considered as the control. Slices of the same dimensions were blanched as in the previous step, and then air-dried until reaching a moisture content of 60% (wet basis). These samples were called pre-dried potato slices. Potato slices were fried at 120 degrees C, 140 degrees C, 160 degrees C and 180 degrees C until reaching moisture contents of similar to 1.8% (total basis) for color quantification. Acrylamide concentration was determined only in final chips fried at 120 degrees C, 150 degrees C and 180 degrees C and compared with that of two brands of commercial chips produced in Chile (Moms and Frito Lay). Color values in L*a*b* units were recorded at different sampling times during frying at the four mentioned temperatures using the total color difference parameter (Delta E). Pre-drying did not affect the color of potato chips considerably when compared against blanched chips; however when fried at 180 degrees C, pre-dried potato chips present 44%, 22%, 44% lower acrylamide content than that of the control, Moms and Frito Lay chips, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Food Engineering
Volume79
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)786-793
ISSN0260-8774
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • frying
  • color
  • acrylamide
  • pre-drying
  • blanching
  • potato chips

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