Cold Atmospheric Plasma Manipulation of Proteins in Food Systems

Haniye Tolouie, Mohammad Amin Mohammadifar, Hamid Ghomi, Maryam Hashemi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Plasma processing has been getting a lot of attention in recent applications as a novel, eco-friendly, and highly efficient approach. Cold plasma has mostly been used to reduce microbial counts in foodstuff and biological materials, as well as in different levels of packaging, particularly in cases where there is thermal sensitivity. As it is a very recent application, the impact of cold plasma treatment has been studied on the protein structures of food and pharmaceutical systems, as well as in the packaging industry. Proteins, as a food constituent, play a remarkable role in the techno-functional characteristics of processed foods and/or the physico-chemical properties of protein-based films. At the same time, some proteins are responsible for reduction in quality and nutritional value, and/or causing allergic reactions in the human body. This study is a review of the influences of different types of plasma on the conformation and function of proteins with food origin, especially enzymes and allergens, as well as protein-made packaging films. In enzyme manipulation with plasma, deactivation has been reported to be either partial or complete. In addition, an activity increase has been observed in some cases. These variations are caused by the effect of different active species of plasma on the enzyme structure and its function. The level and type of variations in the functional properties of food proteins, purified proteins in food, and plasma-treated protein films are affected by a number of control factors, including treatment power, time, and gas type, as well as the nature of the substance and the treatment environment.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCritical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Volume58
Issue number15
Pages (from-to)2583-2597
ISSN1040-8398
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Cold plasma
  • Enzymes
  • Functional properties
  • Physico-chemical properties
  • Protein structure
  • techno-functional properties

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