Coherent exciton dynamics in a GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs narrow-miniband superlattice is studied by spectrally resolved transient four-wave mixing. Coherent optical properties of the investigated structure are found to be strongly affected by the existence of two different heavy-hole excitonic states. One of them, the Is heavy-hole exciton, is almost identical to the same state in noninteracting quantum wells, while the other, the heavy-hole interwell exciton, is composed of an electron and a heavy hole in adjacent wells. The interwell exciton leads to a resonant enhancement in the four-wave mixing spectra and exhibits quantum beats with the Is heavy-hole exciton. The dephasing of the interwell exciton is one order of magnitude faster than that of the heavy-hole exciton and is mostly due to intensity-independent scattering mechanisms.
Bibliographical noteCopyright (1997) American Physical Society.