Coded excitation and sub-band processing for blood velocity estmation in medical ultrasound

Fredrik Gran (Invited author), Jesper Udesen (Invited author), Jørgen Arendt Jensen (Invited author)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

645 Downloads (Pure)


This paper investigates the use of broadband coded excitation and subband processing for blood velocity estimation in medical ultrasound. In conventional blood velocity estimation a long (narrow-band) pulse is emitted and the blood velocity is estimated using an auto-correlation based approach. However, the axial resolution of the narrow-band pulse is too poor for brightness-mode (B-mode) imaging. Therefore, a separate transmission sequence is used for updating the B-mode image, which lowers the overall frame-rate of the system. By using broad-band excitation signals, the backscattered received signal can be divided into a number of narrow frequency bands. The blood velocity can be estimated in each of the bands and the velocity estimates can be averaged to form an improved estimate. Furthermore, since the excitation signal is broadband, no secondary B-mode sequence is required, and the frame rate can be increased. To increase the SNR for the broad-band excitation waveforms, coding is proposed. Three different coding methods are investigated: nonlinear frequency modulation, complementary (Golay) codes, and Barker codes. Code design is described for the three different methods as well as different ways of pulse compression for restoring axial resolution. The different methods were studied using an experimental ultrasound scanner and a circulating flow rig.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProc. 153RD meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,
PublisherAcoustical Society of America
Publication date2007
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event153RD meeting of the Acoustical Society of America -
Duration: 1 Jan 2007 → …


Conference153RD meeting of the Acoustical Society of America
Period01/01/2007 → …

Bibliographical note

Copyright (2007) Acoustical Society of America. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America.


Dive into the research topics of 'Coded excitation and sub-band processing for blood velocity estmation in medical ultrasound'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this