In this study, a methane (CH4) mass balance was established for Hedeland landfill. CH4 generation rates were modelled using a multiphase first-order decay model (The Afvalzorg model) and determined at between 57 and 79 kg h−1. The CH4 emission rate was quantified at between 2 and 14 kg h−1, using the tracer gas dispersion method and the CH4 gas recovery efficiency was between 8 and 21%. At three places along the perimeter of the landfill, gas remediation systems have been installed to protect the residential houses from any risk of migrating landfill gas. About 0.76 kg h−1 of CH4 was extracted from these three remediation systems. Using a carbon mass balance for the lateral migrating landfill gas showed a fractional oxidation of about 78%, which corresponded to a CH4 flux of 3.5 kg h−1 from the three remediation systems, including the oxidised CH4. The total lateral CH4 flux (un-oxidised) from the total landfill perimeter was estimated at between 6.9 and 10.4 kg h−1. CH4 oxidation efficiency in the landfill cover soil, determined from stable carbon isotope analyses, was found to be between 12% and 92%. This resulted in an average CH4 oxidation rate of 32 kg h−1, using an average CH4 emission rate of 8 kg h−1. CH4 surface screenings and surface flux measurements supported the hypothesis that oxidation efficiency was in the higher range and that oxidation could close the CH4 mass balance.
- Gas recovery
- Horizontal landfill gas migration
- Methane generation
- Methane oxidation efficiencies
- Oxidation in landfill cover soil
- Tracer gas dispersion method