The chilled ammonia process absorbs the CO2 at low temperature (2-10 degrees C). The heat of absorption of carbon dioxide by ammonia is significantly lower than for amines. In addition, degradation problems can be avoided and a high carbon dioxide capacity is achieved. Hence, this process shows good perspectives for decreasing the energy requirement. However, a scientific understanding of the processes is required. The properties of the NH3-CO2-H2O system were described using the Extended UNIQUAC electrolyte model developed by Thomsen and Rasmussen in a temperature range from 0 to 110 degrees C and pressure up to 100 bars . The results show that solid phases consisting of ammonium carbonate and bicarbonate are formed in the absorber. The energy requirements in the absorber and in the desorber have been studied. The enthalpy calculations show that an energy requirement for the desorber lower than 2 GJ/ton CO2 can be reached. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Title of host publication||GREENHOUSE GAS CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES 9|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
|Event||9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies - Washington, DC, United States|
Duration: 16 Nov 2008 → 20 Nov 2008
Conference number: 9
|Conference||9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies|
|Period||16/11/2008 → 20/11/2008|