Characterization of transferable tetracycline resistance genes in Enterococcus faecalis isolated from raw food

Andrea Wilcks, Sigrid Rita Andersen, Tine Rask Licht

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The prevalence of tetracycline resistance, and of specific genetic determinants for this resistance was investigated in 1003 strains of Enterococcus faecalis isolated from various raw food products originating from five categories including chicken meat, other poultry meat, beef, pork, and 'other'. For the 238 resistant isolates identified, the ability to transfer the resistant phenotype to a given recipient in vitro was investigated. New and interesting observations were that the tet(L) resistance determinant was more readily transferred than tet(M), and that the presence of Tn916-like elements known to encode tet(M) did not correlate with increased transferability of the resistant phenotype.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)15-19
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • food
  • Enterococcus faecalis
  • resistance
  • horizontal gene transfer
  • tetracycline

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