Characterization of the NEP of Mid-Infrared Upconversion Detectors

Rasmus Lyngbye Pedersen*, Lasse Høgstedt, Ajanta Barh, Lichun Meng, Peter Tidemand-Lichtenberg

*Corresponding author for this work

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We present a scheme to estimate the noise equivalent power (NEP) of the frequency upconversion detectors (UCDs), detecting mid-infrared (MIR) light. The NEP of UCD is a combined contribution of NEPs from the upconversion process and from the photodetector, used for detecting the upconverted signal. The 2 -5 μ m MIR range is particularly investigated in this letter using a bulk periodically poled lithium niobate based CW -intracavity UCD. We measured the NEP of UCD as 20 fW/ Hz at MIR wavelength of 339 μ m. We showed that the limiting factor here is not the no ise from the upconversion process (estimated NEP is 23 fW/ Hz at 339 μ m), but from the electrical noise in the photodetector itself. We also compared the performance of our UCD with previously published results and with market available direct MIR detectors. Additionally, we measured the optical noise of the UCD over its working spectral range (29 -36 μ m) and compared with numerical simulation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)681-84
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Infrared detectors
  • Noise
  • Nonlinear optical devices
  • Sensor systems and applications

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