Characterization of municipal solid waste incineration fly ash before and after electrodialytic treatment

Anne Juul Pedersen, Kevin H. Gardner

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    Municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash, which has been treated electrodialytically for the removal of heavy metals, may have changed characteristics compared to untreated fly ash. In this study, MSWI fly ash was characterized with respect to leaching properties (pH static leaching, availability tests), mineralogy (X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD)), and morphology and element distribution (scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM/EDX)) before and after electrodialytic treatment. It was shown that even though a significant amount of the ini-tially present heavy metals had been removed from the ash during the electrodialytic treatment, the leachability of several of the residual metals had actually increased. The increased leachability was most probably caused by mineral dissolution and chelating of metals by residual citrate in the ash. Ammonium citrate had been added to the ash before and during electrodialytic treatment to increase the heavy metal desorption. The morphology and mineralogy of the ash was also altered as a result of the treatment. XRPD ex-aminations revealed that a severe depletion of Cl, Na and K in the treated ashes was due to wash out of the highly soluble minerals sylvite (KCl) and halite (NaCl). Indications of formation of secondary minerals (Ca-sulphates, ettringite) and precipitation of Ca-citrate in the treated ashes were also seen. SEM investigations confirmed a changed morphology in the treated ashes; probably due to crystallization of secondary minerals.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal De Physique. IV : JP
    Pages (from-to)1029-1032
    Publication statusPublished - 2003


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