Characterization of Freeze-Cast Micro-Channel Monoliths as Active and Passive Regenerators

Jierong Liang*, Cathrine Deichmann Christiansen, Kurt Engelbrecht, Kaspar Kirstein Nielsen, Rasmus Bjørk, Christian Bahl

*Corresponding author for this work

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The efficiency of the magnetic refrigeration process strongly depends on the heat transfer performance of the regenerator. As a potential way to improve the heat transfer performance of a regenerator, the design of sub-millimeter hydraulic diameter porous structures is realized by freeze-cast structures. Four freeze-cast regenerators with different pore widths are characterized experimentally and numerically. Empirical parameters are determined for the correlations of heat transfer and flow resistance via a 1D model. Thermal effectiveness and pressure drop are measured for thermal-hydraulic evaluations. Temperature span and specific cooling capacity are obtained to compare the magnetocaloric potential based on the material La0.66Ca0.27Sr0.06Mn1.05O3. The stability of freeze-cast regenerators is validated by comparing the performance during, before and after oscillatory flow and periodic magnetic field tests. Smaller pore design obtain the better heat transfer performance and required mechanical strength, while pore design with significant dendrites provides the worst tradeoff between heat transfer performance and flow resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number54
JournalFrontiers in Energy Research
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • freeze-casting
  • lamellar microchannel
  • magnetic refrigeration
  • thermal evaluation
  • thermal regenerator

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