Characterization of elemental sulfur in chalcopyrite leach residues using simultaneous thermal analysis

Cuicui Lv, Hao Wu*, Weigang Lin, Jytte Boll Illerup, Adam Paul Karcz, Shufeng Ye, Anne Juul Damø

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A key component in the atmospheric leaching of metal sulfides is the oxidation of sulfide to either elemental sulfur or hexavalent sulfur. The final oxidation state of sulfur significantly influences the economic viability of a leaching process because of its effects on oxygen consumption, acid generation, and surface passivation. Thus, in the process of developing new leaching technologies, it is important to both characterize and quantify the sulfur oxidation products. In this work, a new method based on Simultaneous Thermal Analysis (STA) is established for the quantification and thermal characterization of elemental sulfur in chalcopyrite leach residues. The STA method refers to the simultaneous application of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The DSC measurements yield information on phase transformation, which can be used to identify the sulfur allotropes. The linear relationship between the melting enthalpy of β‑sulfur determined by DSC and the sulfur content determined by TGA is expediently used to quantify the unknown sulfur content in leach residues.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHydrometallurgy
Volume188
Pages (from-to)22-30
ISSN0304-386X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Allotrope
  • Chalcopyrite leach residue
  • Elemental sulfur
  • Quantification
  • STA

Cite this

@article{ba16b98feb194b7d9c0c2949d0f4f92d,
title = "Characterization of elemental sulfur in chalcopyrite leach residues using simultaneous thermal analysis",
abstract = "A key component in the atmospheric leaching of metal sulfides is the oxidation of sulfide to either elemental sulfur or hexavalent sulfur. The final oxidation state of sulfur significantly influences the economic viability of a leaching process because of its effects on oxygen consumption, acid generation, and surface passivation. Thus, in the process of developing new leaching technologies, it is important to both characterize and quantify the sulfur oxidation products. In this work, a new method based on Simultaneous Thermal Analysis (STA) is established for the quantification and thermal characterization of elemental sulfur in chalcopyrite leach residues. The STA method refers to the simultaneous application of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The DSC measurements yield information on phase transformation, which can be used to identify the sulfur allotropes. The linear relationship between the melting enthalpy of β‑sulfur determined by DSC and the sulfur content determined by TGA is expediently used to quantify the unknown sulfur content in leach residues.",
keywords = "Allotrope, Chalcopyrite leach residue, Elemental sulfur, Quantification, STA",
author = "Cuicui Lv and Hao Wu and Weigang Lin and Illerup, {Jytte Boll} and Karcz, {Adam Paul} and Shufeng Ye and Dam{\o}, {Anne Juul}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.hydromet.2019.05.020",
language = "English",
volume = "188",
pages = "22--30",
journal = "Hydrometallurgy",
issn = "0304-386X",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Characterization of elemental sulfur in chalcopyrite leach residues using simultaneous thermal analysis. / Lv, Cuicui; Wu, Hao; Lin, Weigang; Illerup, Jytte Boll; Karcz, Adam Paul; Ye, Shufeng; Damø, Anne Juul.

In: Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 188, 2019, p. 22-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of elemental sulfur in chalcopyrite leach residues using simultaneous thermal analysis

AU - Lv, Cuicui

AU - Wu, Hao

AU - Lin, Weigang

AU - Illerup, Jytte Boll

AU - Karcz, Adam Paul

AU - Ye, Shufeng

AU - Damø, Anne Juul

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - A key component in the atmospheric leaching of metal sulfides is the oxidation of sulfide to either elemental sulfur or hexavalent sulfur. The final oxidation state of sulfur significantly influences the economic viability of a leaching process because of its effects on oxygen consumption, acid generation, and surface passivation. Thus, in the process of developing new leaching technologies, it is important to both characterize and quantify the sulfur oxidation products. In this work, a new method based on Simultaneous Thermal Analysis (STA) is established for the quantification and thermal characterization of elemental sulfur in chalcopyrite leach residues. The STA method refers to the simultaneous application of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The DSC measurements yield information on phase transformation, which can be used to identify the sulfur allotropes. The linear relationship between the melting enthalpy of β‑sulfur determined by DSC and the sulfur content determined by TGA is expediently used to quantify the unknown sulfur content in leach residues.

AB - A key component in the atmospheric leaching of metal sulfides is the oxidation of sulfide to either elemental sulfur or hexavalent sulfur. The final oxidation state of sulfur significantly influences the economic viability of a leaching process because of its effects on oxygen consumption, acid generation, and surface passivation. Thus, in the process of developing new leaching technologies, it is important to both characterize and quantify the sulfur oxidation products. In this work, a new method based on Simultaneous Thermal Analysis (STA) is established for the quantification and thermal characterization of elemental sulfur in chalcopyrite leach residues. The STA method refers to the simultaneous application of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The DSC measurements yield information on phase transformation, which can be used to identify the sulfur allotropes. The linear relationship between the melting enthalpy of β‑sulfur determined by DSC and the sulfur content determined by TGA is expediently used to quantify the unknown sulfur content in leach residues.

KW - Allotrope

KW - Chalcopyrite leach residue

KW - Elemental sulfur

KW - Quantification

KW - STA

U2 - 10.1016/j.hydromet.2019.05.020

DO - 10.1016/j.hydromet.2019.05.020

M3 - Journal article

VL - 188

SP - 22

EP - 30

JO - Hydrometallurgy

JF - Hydrometallurgy

SN - 0304-386X

ER -