Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 powders were synthesized by spray drying and successive calcinations. The phase purity, BET surface area, and particle morphology of as-sprayed and calcined powders were characterized. After calcination above 300 °C, the powders were single phase and showed a BET surface area of 68 m2/g when calcined at 300 °C. The conductivity, in air, of sintered pellets was measured by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and it was found to be comparable with literature values. The activation energy for the total conductivity was around 0.83 eV. The powder calcined at lower temperature showed better sinterability and higher total conductivity due to an increased bulk conductivity.
- Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
- Fuel Cells and hydrogen
Blennow Tullmar, P., Chen, W., Lundberg, M., & Menon, M. (2009). Characterization of Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 powders synthesized by spray drying. Ceramics International, 35(7), 2959-2963. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2009.04.003