Characterization and Release Mechanisms of Aerogel-Encapsulated Biocide Crystals for Low-Loading and High-Utilization Antifouling Coatings

Tenna Frydenberg, Claus E. Weinell, Kim Dam-Johansen, Eva Wallstroem*, Søren Kiil

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Silica aerogel-encapsulated biocide crystals can potentially enhance the protection efficiency of antifouling coatings, thereby lowering the impact on nontarget aquatic life. In the present study, copper pyrithione (CuPT) crystals are encapsulated by silica aerogel to obtain loadings of 50-80 wt % CuPT. For optimal design of the heterogeneous particles and mapping of the underlying biocide release mechanisms, the aerogel-encapsulated biocide crystals are characterized by scanning (transmission) electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis, mercury intrusion porosity, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analysis, and light scattering. The microscopic examination demonstrates that the elongated CuPT crystals are encapsulated by a thin highly porous silica layer. When varying the CuPT loading of the aerogels, it is possible to tune the particle size, pore volume, and specific surface area of the aerogels. Furthermore, this study suggests that the hydrophilic aerogel-encapsulated CuPT, when used in antifouling coatings, attracts seawater and contributes to an efficient controlled release of active CuPT.
Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Omega
Volume7
Issue number39
Pages (from-to)34824-34838
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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