Characteristics of airborne transmission under stratum ventilation

Tao Huang, Zhengtao Ai*, Arsen Krikor Melikov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

45 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the characteristics of airborne spread of exhaled droplet nuclei between two occupants in a space conditioned by a horizontal air distribution method, known as stratum ventilation. Experiments were conducted in a full-scale climate chamber. Two breathing thermal manikins were used to simulate a standing infected person and a standing exposed person, respectively. Tracer gas (N2O) was added into the air exhaled by the infected manikin. The tracer gas concentrations in the air inhaled by the exposed manikin and at the ventilation exhaust were continuously monitored. ACH was kept at 2 h-1. The variables in the experiments include the positioning of the manikins, the distance between manikins, and the room air temperature. The horizontal supply airflow to the breathing zone strongly intensifies the mixing between the flow of exhalation and the room air, which reduces the exposure risk of occupants at close proximity and flattens the risk-distance curves. The homogenization of concentration weakens considerably the importance of the relative positioning and location of the infected and exposed persons. All those characteristics of airborne transmission may not be maintained, however, if the horizontal supply jet does not interact directly with the occupants. The findings from this study are intended to contribute for better understanding of airborne transmission indoors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number02019
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Volume111
Number of pages6
ISSN2267-1242
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventClima 2019: 13th REHVA World Congress - Bucharest, Romania
Duration: 26 May 201929 May 2019
Conference number: 13

Conference

ConferenceClima 2019: 13th REHVA World Congress
Number13
CountryRomania
CityBucharest
Period26/05/201929/05/2019

Cite this