CHAOS-2-a geomagnetic field model derived from one decade of continuous satellite data

Nils Olsen, M. Mandea, T.J. Sabaka, Lars Tøffner-Clausen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We have derived a model of the near-Earth's magnetic field using more than 10 yr of high-precision geomagnetic measurements from the three satellites Orsted, CHAMP and SAC-C. This model is an update of the two previous models, CHAOS (Olsen et al. 2006) and xCHAOS (Olsen & Mandea 2008). Data selection and model parameterization follow closely those chosen for deriving these models. The main difference concerns the maximum spherical harmonic degree of the static field (n = 60 compared to n = 50 for CHAOS and xCHAOS), and of the core field time changes, for which spherical harmonic expansion coefficients up to n = 20 are described by order 5 splines (with 6-month knot spacing) spanning the years from 1997.0 to 2009.5. Compared to its predecessors, the temporal regularization of the CHAOS-2 model is also modified. Indeed, second and higher order time derivatives of the core field are damped by minimizing the second time derivative of the squared magnetic field intensity at the core-mantle boundary. The CHAOS-2 model describes rapid time changes, as monitored by the ground magnetic observatories, much better than its predecessors.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Volume179
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1477-1487
ISSN0956-540X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Core, outer core and inner core
  • Rapid time variations
  • Magnetic anomalies: modelling and interpretation
  • Satellite magnetics

Cite this

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title = "CHAOS-2-a geomagnetic field model derived from one decade of continuous satellite data",
abstract = "We have derived a model of the near-Earth's magnetic field using more than 10 yr of high-precision geomagnetic measurements from the three satellites Orsted, CHAMP and SAC-C. This model is an update of the two previous models, CHAOS (Olsen et al. 2006) and xCHAOS (Olsen & Mandea 2008). Data selection and model parameterization follow closely those chosen for deriving these models. The main difference concerns the maximum spherical harmonic degree of the static field (n = 60 compared to n = 50 for CHAOS and xCHAOS), and of the core field time changes, for which spherical harmonic expansion coefficients up to n = 20 are described by order 5 splines (with 6-month knot spacing) spanning the years from 1997.0 to 2009.5. Compared to its predecessors, the temporal regularization of the CHAOS-2 model is also modified. Indeed, second and higher order time derivatives of the core field are damped by minimizing the second time derivative of the squared magnetic field intensity at the core-mantle boundary. The CHAOS-2 model describes rapid time changes, as monitored by the ground magnetic observatories, much better than its predecessors.",
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author = "Nils Olsen and M. Mandea and T.J. Sabaka and Lars T{\o}ffner-Clausen",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04386.x",
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CHAOS-2-a geomagnetic field model derived from one decade of continuous satellite data. / Olsen, Nils; Mandea, M.; Sabaka, T.J.; Tøffner-Clausen, Lars.

In: Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 179, No. 3, 2009, p. 1477-1487.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - CHAOS-2-a geomagnetic field model derived from one decade of continuous satellite data

AU - Olsen, Nils

AU - Mandea, M.

AU - Sabaka, T.J.

AU - Tøffner-Clausen, Lars

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - We have derived a model of the near-Earth's magnetic field using more than 10 yr of high-precision geomagnetic measurements from the three satellites Orsted, CHAMP and SAC-C. This model is an update of the two previous models, CHAOS (Olsen et al. 2006) and xCHAOS (Olsen & Mandea 2008). Data selection and model parameterization follow closely those chosen for deriving these models. The main difference concerns the maximum spherical harmonic degree of the static field (n = 60 compared to n = 50 for CHAOS and xCHAOS), and of the core field time changes, for which spherical harmonic expansion coefficients up to n = 20 are described by order 5 splines (with 6-month knot spacing) spanning the years from 1997.0 to 2009.5. Compared to its predecessors, the temporal regularization of the CHAOS-2 model is also modified. Indeed, second and higher order time derivatives of the core field are damped by minimizing the second time derivative of the squared magnetic field intensity at the core-mantle boundary. The CHAOS-2 model describes rapid time changes, as monitored by the ground magnetic observatories, much better than its predecessors.

AB - We have derived a model of the near-Earth's magnetic field using more than 10 yr of high-precision geomagnetic measurements from the three satellites Orsted, CHAMP and SAC-C. This model is an update of the two previous models, CHAOS (Olsen et al. 2006) and xCHAOS (Olsen & Mandea 2008). Data selection and model parameterization follow closely those chosen for deriving these models. The main difference concerns the maximum spherical harmonic degree of the static field (n = 60 compared to n = 50 for CHAOS and xCHAOS), and of the core field time changes, for which spherical harmonic expansion coefficients up to n = 20 are described by order 5 splines (with 6-month knot spacing) spanning the years from 1997.0 to 2009.5. Compared to its predecessors, the temporal regularization of the CHAOS-2 model is also modified. Indeed, second and higher order time derivatives of the core field are damped by minimizing the second time derivative of the squared magnetic field intensity at the core-mantle boundary. The CHAOS-2 model describes rapid time changes, as monitored by the ground magnetic observatories, much better than its predecessors.

KW - Core, outer core and inner core

KW - Rapid time variations

KW - Magnetic anomalies: modelling and interpretation

KW - Satellite magnetics

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