Channel models for performance evaluation of wireless systems in Railway environments

Marion Berbineau*, Romain Behaegel, Juan Moreno Garcia-Loygorri, Raul Torrego, Rafaele D'errico, Ali Sabra, Ying Yan, José Soler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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In the automotive and rail domains, vehicles are entering the era of full automation thanks towireless sensors and communication systems, shifting control functions from a human driver to computers. High data rate, robustness, high reliability and ultra-low latency wireless communications are requiredin the context of autonomous train and safety critical applications. Today, the Future Railway Mobile Communication System (FRMCS) is under development at European level within the International Union of Railways (UIC). This system will answer all the current and future needs of rail. It will be IP based, multi-bearer and resilient to technology evolution. In the context of the development of different FRMCS prototypes by industry, it is crucial to be able to test them in representative Railway radio environments thanks to laboratory tools. Characterization of radio channels in railway environments, by measurements or simulations, is a very active field. In this paper, based on broad literature survey, we show that not all the published models are suitable for performance evaluation. Then, we propose a selection of typical Tapped Delay-Line channel models to be implemented in an original hardware and software testing platform capable to reproduce the effect of representative Railway environments in laboratory, with real time emulation at RF (Radio Frequency) level. Preliminary results in Hilly 3 taps and Cutting 5 taps channel models are presented as a proof of concept of a "zero on site testing" approach, allowing for time and cost savings in the validation of railway communication systems.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Access
Pages (from-to)45903 - 45918
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Radio channel modelling
  • Railway communications
  • Tapped-delay-line models
  • Channel emulator
  • Open Air Interface
  • LTE

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