Changes in transport behavior during the financial crisis. An analysis of urban form, location and transport behavior in the greater Copenhagen area 2006-2011

Thomas Alexander Sick Nielsen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    A multitude of studies have focussed on the connections between urban form, location and transport behavior to inform sustainable and resilient urban planning. However, few have studied the stability of urban form and location effects under changing economic conditions. This paper presents an analysis of the changes in urban form and location correlates of travel distances in the Danish Zealand/Copenhagen region from before the financial crisis (2006/07) to some years after the financial downturn (2010/11). Significant changes are found in the socio-economic as well as urban form and location correlates of travel during the period. The importance of location in explaining travel distances has increased over time. It is suggested that the effects may be explained as cost reducing strategies on behalf of consumers which would lead to an increasing importance of distance to nearest facilities/destinations. It follows that the location pattern, the geographical configuration of the urban region, is a factor in households' adaptive strategies which partly determine the possibilities for reducing travel and the possibilities for adaption and regional resilience.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalResearch in Transportation Economics
    Volume51
    Pages (from-to)10-19
    ISSN0739-8859
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Keywords

    • Copenhagen
    • Urban region
    • Foreclosure crisis
    • Financial crisis
    • Urban form
    • Location
    • Accessibility
    • Travel distances

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