This study was performed in order to investigate the influence of skeletal unloading on the serum concentration of the carboxyl-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (sPICP) and other markers of bone formation. Blood samples were taken every third hour from nine healthy premenopausal women (22-29 years) in two 24 h studies, before and at the end of five days of bed rest. Furthermore, a set of samples were taken 12 h apart after three days of bed rest. We measured sPICP, the serum concentration of intact and N-terminal-Mid fragment osteocalcin (sOC), and the serum concentration of alkaline phosphatase (sAP). During the five days of bed rest a gradual increase in sOC was observed, while sPICP gradually decreased. sAP was unchanged. Five days of best rest resulted in the following overall changes in the 24 h mean values: sPICP: -14% (p = 0.002); sOC: +9% (p = 0.009); sAP: -1% (not significant). The circadian patterns did not change significantly after bed rest. It is puzzling that the changes in the bone formation markers are of different magnitude, and for sPICP and sOC even in opposite directions. The increase in sOC may be caused by an increase in OC secretion by the osteoblasts or a release of bone-incorporated OC from resorbing sites; the accompanying decrease in sPICP may indicate that bone formation is actually transiently decreased after short term bed rest.
|Publication status||Published - 1995|