Chance-Constrained AC Optimal Power Flow Integrating HVDC Lines and Controllability

Andreas Venzke, Lejla Halilbasic, Adélie Barré, Line Roald, Spyros Chatzivasileiadis

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    The integration of large-scale renewable generation has major implications on the operation of power systems, two of which we address in this work. First, system operators have to deal with higher degrees of uncertainty due to forecast errors and variability in renewable energy production. Second, with abundant potential of renewable generation in remote locations, there is an increasing interest in the use of High Voltage Direct Current lines (HVDC) to increase transmission capacity. These HVDC transmission lines and the flexibility and controllability they offer must be incorporated effectively and safely into the system. In this work, we introduce an optimization tool that addresses both challenges by incorporating the full AC power flow equations, chance constraints to address the uncertainty of renewable infeed, modelling of point-to-point HVDC lines, and optimized corrective control policies to model the generator and HVDC response to uncertainty. The main contributions are twofold. First, we introduce a HVDC line model and the corresponding HVDC participation factors in a chance-constrained AC-OPF framework. Second, we modify an existing algorithm for solving the chance-constrained ACOPF to allow for optimization of the generation and HVDC participation factors. Using realistic wind forecast data, for 10 and IEEE 39 bus systems with HVDC lines and wind farms, we show that our proposed OPF formulation achieves good in- and out-of-sample performance whereas not considering uncertainty leads to high constraint violation probabilities. In addition, we find that optimizing the participation factors reduces the cost of uncertainty significantly.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number105522
    JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems
    Number of pages6
    Publication statusPublished - 2020
    Event11th Mediterranean Conference on Power Generation, Transmission, Distribution and Energy Conversion - Hotel Croatia Cavtat, Dubrovnik , Croatia
    Duration: 12 Nov 201815 Nov 2018
    Conference number: 11


    Conference11th Mediterranean Conference on Power Generation, Transmission, Distribution and Energy Conversion
    LocationHotel Croatia Cavtat
    Internet address


    • AC optimal power flow
    • Chance constraints
    • HVDC transmission
    • Uncertainty


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