Challenges for Serology-Based Characterization of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Outbreaks in Endemic Areas; Identification of Two Separate Lineages of Serotype O FMDV in Uganda in 2011

A. Namatovu, Graham Belsham, C. Ayebazibwe, M. T. Dhikusooka, S. N. Wekesa, H. R. Siegismund, V. B. Muwanika, Kirsten Tjørnehøj

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    Abstract

    Control of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in Uganda by ring vaccination largely depends on costly trivalent vaccines, and use of monovalent vaccines could improve the cost effectiveness. This, however, requires application of highly specific diagnostic tests. This study investigated outbreaks of FMD in seven Ugandan districts, during 2011, using the PrioCHECK((R)) FMDV NS ELISA, solid-phase blocking ELISAs (SPBEs) and virus neutralization tests (VNTs), together with virological analyses for characterization of the responsible viruses. Two hundred and eighteen (218) cattle and 23 goat sera as well as 82 oropharyngeal fluid/epithelial tissue samples were collected. Some 50% of the cattle and 17% of the goat sera were positive by the PrioCHECK((R)) FMDV NS ELISA, while SPBEs identified titres 80 for antibodies against serotype O FMD virus (FMDV) in 51% of the anti-NSP positive cattle sera. However, 35% of the anti-NSP positive cattle sera had SPBE titres 80 against multiple serotypes, primarily against serotypes O, SAT 1 and SAT 3. Comparison of SPBEs and VNTs for the detection of antibodies against serotypes O, SAT 1 and SAT 3 in 72 NSP positive cattle sera showed comparable results against serotype O (P=0.181), while VNTs detected significantly fewer samples positive for antibodies against SAT 1 and SAT 3 than the SPBEs (P
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalTransboundary and Emerging Diseases
    Volume62
    Issue number5
    Pages (from-to)522-534
    Number of pages13
    ISSN1865-1674
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Keywords

    • Foot-and-mouth disease
    • FMDV
    • Serotypes
    • Endemic
    • Uganda
    • endemic

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