CFD modeling of particle behavior in supersonic flows with strong swirls for gas separation

Yan Yang, Chuang Wen

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The supersonic separator is a novel technique to remove the condensable components from gas mixtures. But the particle behavior is not well understood in this complex supersonic flow. The Discrete Particle Method was used here to study the particle motion in supersonic flows with a strong swirl. The results showed that the gas flow was accelerated to supersonic velocity, and created the low pressure and temperature conditions for gas removal. Most of the particles collided with the walls or entered into the liquid-collection space directly, while only a few particles escaped together with the gas flow from the dry gas outlet. The separation efficiency reached over 80%, when the droplet diameter was more than 1.5 μm. The optimum length of the cyclonic separation section was approximate 16–20 times of the nozzle throat diameter to obtain higher collection efficiency for the supersonic separator with a delta wing.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Pages (from-to)22-28
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Gas separation
  • Particle motion
  • Supersonic flow
  • Swirl


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