CFD investigations of breaking focused wave-induced loads on a monopile and the effect of breaker location

Ankit Aggarwal*, Pietro D. Tomaselli, Erik Damgaard Christensen, Hans Bihs

*Corresponding author for this work

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The design of new offshore structures requires the calculation of the wave-induced loads. In this regard, the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) methodology has shown to be a reliable tool, in the case of breaking waves especially. In this paper, two CFD models are tested in the reproduction of the experimental spilling waves impacting a circular cylinder for four different wave impact scenarios for focused waves. The numerical and experimental free surface elevations at different locations around the cylinder are also compared to verify both numerical models. The numerical results from the models are shown together with the experimental measurements. Both CFD models are able to model the impact forces with a reasonable accuracy. When the cylinder is placed at a distance of 0.7 m from the wave breaking point, the value of the measured wave impact forces is highest due to the overturning wave crest and air-entrainment. The wave-induced impact forces decrease, when the monopile is placed at distances further away from the breaking location.
Original languageEnglish
Article number021903
JournalJournal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
Issue number2
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Design of offshore structures
  • Fluid-structure interaction
  • Hydrodynamics

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