CERT depletion predicts chemotherapy benefit and mediates cytotoxic and polyploid‐specific cancer cell death through autophagy induction

Alvin J. X. Lee, Rebecca Roylance, Jil Sander, Patricia Gorman, David Endesfelder, Maik Kschischo, Neil P. Jones, Philip East, Barbara Nicke, Stefka Spassieva, Lina M. Obeid, Nicolai Juul Birkbak, Zoltan Szallasi, Nicole C. McKnight, Andrew J. Rowan, Valerie Speirs, Andrew M. Hanby, Julian Downward, Sharon A. Tooze, Charles Swanton

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    Abstract

    Chromosomal instability (CIN) has been implicated in multidrug resistance and the silencing of the ceramide transporter, CERT, promotes sensitization to diverse cytotoxics. An improved understanding of mechanisms governing multidrug sensitization might provide insight into pathways contributing to the death of CIN cancer cells. Using an integrative functional genomics approach, we find that CERT‐specific multidrug sensitization is associated with enhanced autophagosome–lysosome flux, resulting from the expression of LAMP2 following CERT silencing in colorectal and HER2+ breast cancer cell lines. Live cell microscopy analysis revealed that CERT depletion induces LAMP2‐dependent death of polyploid cells following exit from mitosis in the presence of paclitaxel. We find that CERT is relatively over‐expressed in HER2+ breast cancer and CERT protein expression acts as an independent prognostic variable and predictor of outcome in adjuvant chemotherapy‐treated patients with primary breast cancer. These data suggest that the induction of LAMP2‐dependent autophagic flux through CERT targeting may provide a rational approach to enhance multidrug sensitization and potentiate the death of polyploid cells following paclitaxel exposure to limit the acquisition of CIN and intra‐tumour heterogeneity. Copyright © 2011 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Pathology
    Volume226
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)482-494
    ISSN0022-3417
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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