A protocol for culturing T-cell lines from peripheral blood of goats naturally infected with MAP was established. CD4+ T cells were positively selected using an anti CD4 mAb and Dynabeads. Sorted CD4+ cells were cultivated with purified protein derivative from MAP (PPDj) or E. coli sonicate, IL-2, and IL-15. After two cultivation cycles, T cells were tested for recall responses in a proliferative T-cell assay. T-cell line responses were in average 92 % for PPDj, and -3 % for E. coli sonicate. CD4+ T-cell lines stimulated with PPDj showed a 6 fold increase in IFN- γ production compared to controls. These results indicated that the T-cell lines were MAP-specific.
The protocol was subsequently used to evaluate MAP-specific peptides as vaccine antigens. T-cell lines were now generated by cultivating CD4+ cells with peptides instead of PPDj. Initially, both healthy and MAP-infected goats were vaccinated with 119 peptides defined by in silico analysis. Cellular responses to the peptides were not detected using standard IFN- γ plasma ELISA. However, testing of T-cell lines from the MAP-infected goats identified peptides that induced strong proliferative responses. The 23 peptides inducing the strongest responses were used in a second vaccination trail with healthy goat kids. Vaccinated kids developed strong IFN-γ and antibody responses, and these MAP-specific peptides show great potential for use in a subunit vaccine.
Generation of T-cell lines was a valuable tool for selecting MAP vaccine antigens, and the protocol can also be applied for identifying vaccine candidates for other diseases.
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|Event||5th European Veterinary Immunology Workshop - Vienna, Austria|
Duration: 2 Sep 2015 → 4 Sep 2015
Conference number: 5
|Conference||5th European Veterinary Immunology Workshop|
|Period||02/09/2015 → 04/09/2015|