Caveats Concerning the Use of SRTM DEM Version 4.1 (CGIAR-CSI)

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This paper provides some recommendations concerning the use of version 4.1 of the near-global 3 arcsec Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) Digital Elevation Model (DEM) distributed by the Consortium for Spatial Information (CGIAR-CSI). This product is considered by most users to be a void-filled version of the finished grade NASA SRTM DEM. However, in non-void areas, these DEMs can exhibit relative geolocation shifts and spatially correlated elevation differences up to tens of meters, the location and extent of which depends on the geographical location and on the download mirror of the version 4.1 product. Such differences are found to be partly due to changes introduced by NASA SRTM version 2.1, with respect to NASA SRTM version 2.0, on which CGIAR-CSI version 4.1 is based, and partly to processing and/or annotation errors affecting the CGIAR-CSI version 4.1 DEMs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number793
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number10
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Digital Elevation Models
  • Shuttle Radar Topography Mission
  • SRTM DEM version 4.1
  • Geolocation shifts
  • High-latitude banding


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