Catalytic surface promotion of highly active La0.85Sr0.15Cr0.8Ni0.2O3-δ anodes for La5.6WO11.4-δ based proton conducting fuel cells

C. Solis, M. Balaguer, Francesco Bozza, Nikolaos Bonanos, J. M. Serra

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

La0.85Sr0.15CrO3-delta (LSC), La0.85Sr0.15Cr0.8Ni0.2O3-delta (LSCN) and LSCN infiltrated with Ni nanoparticles were tested as anodes for symmetrical cells based on La5.6WO11.4-delta (LWO) protonic electrolyte. These chromite-based electrode materials are compatible with LWO material, in contrast to the widely used NiO. Under typical anode reducing conditions, Ni is segregated from the LSCN lattice on the grain surface as metallic Ni nanoparticles, which are proved to be compatible with LWO in reducing conditions. These Ni nanoparticles become the catalytic active sites for the H-2 oxidation reaction in proton conducing anodes and the electrode performance is substantially improved regarding to pure LSC. Ni nanoparticle infiltration further improves the catalytic promotion of the anode, reducing the polarization resistance (R-p) previously limited by low frequency surface related processes. Indeed, the R-p, values achieved for LSCN infiltrated with Ni, e.g. 0.47 Omega cm(2) at 700 degrees C, suggest the practical application of this kind of anodes in proton conducting solid oxide fuel cells (PC-SOFC). (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume147
Pages (from-to)203-207
Number of pages5
ISSN0926-3373
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • CHEMISTRY,
  • ENGINEERING,
  • HYDROGEN SEPARATION
  • ELECTRODE-KINETICS
  • SOFC CATHODES
  • SUBSTITUTION
  • PERFORMANCE
  • STABILITY
  • CONVERSION
  • MEMBRANES
  • Anode
  • Proton conducting fuel cell
  • Chromite
  • Lanthanum tungstate
  • Catalyst
  • Catalysts
  • Chromite deposits
  • Nanoparticles
  • Nickel
  • Protons
  • Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
  • Anodes
  • Catalytic active sites
  • Electrode performance
  • Oxidation reactions
  • Polarization resistances
  • Proton conducting
  • Proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells
  • Protonic electrolyte
  • Reducing conditions

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