Catalyst Degradation Under Potential Cycling as an Accelerated Stress Test for PBI-Based High-Temperature PEM Fuel Cells - Effect of Humidification

Tonny Søndergaard, Lars Nilausen Cleemann, Lijie Zhong, Hans Becker, Thomas Steenberg, Hans Aage Hjuler, Larisa Seerup, Qingfeng Li, Jens Oluf Jensen*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

In the present work, high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells were subjected to accelerated stress tests of 30,000 potential cycles between 0.6 and 1.0 V at 160 textdegreeC (133 h cycling time). The effect that humidity has on the catalyst durability was studied by testing either with or without humidification of the nitrogen that was used as cathode gas during cycling segments. Pronounced degradation was seen from the polarization curves in both cases, though permanent only in the humidified case. In the unhumidified case, the performance loss was more or less recoverable following 24 h of operation at 200 mA cm−2. A difference in degradation behavior was verified with electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The strong effect of humidification is explained by drying of the phosphoric acid that is in the catalyst layer(s) versus maintaining humidification of this region. Catalyst degradation due to platinum dissolution, transport of its ions, and eventual recrystallization is reduced when this portion of the acid dries out. Consequently, catalyst particles are only mildly affected by the potential cycling in the unhumidified case.
Original languageEnglish
JournalElectrocatalysis
Volume9
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)302-313
ISSN1868-5994
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Durability
  • Accelerated stress test
  • Potential cycling
  • Polymer electrolyte membrane
  • Fuel cell
  • Polybenzimidazole
  • Platinum dissolution

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