Carrier Lifetime and Mobility Characterization using the DTU 3D CZT Drift Strip Detector

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Abstract

At DTU Space a 3D CdZnTe (CZT) drift strip detector prototype of size 20mm x 4.7mm x 20mm has been developed. It has demonstrated excellent submillimeter position resolution (< 0.5mm), and energy resolution (< 1.6%) at 661.6keV using pulse shape signal processing. Signal formation on each of the 26 electrode readouts uses bi-polar Charge Sensitive Pre-amplifiers. The output is sampled using high speed digitizers; providing us with the full pulse shapes generated by each interaction in the detector. In order to optimize and understand the detector performance, a model of the 3D CZT drift strip detector has been developed using COMSOL Multiphysics® and Python. It simulates the 26 pulse shapes generated by an interaction, and provides an output similar to that of the real detector setup. In order to create a trustworthy model, the material properties of the detector must be well understood. The generated pulse shapes are greatly affected by the electron mobility (μe) and lifetime (τe) of the detector material. Therefore, 3D maps of μe and τe have been calculated as look-up tables for the model, utilizing the high resolution 3D interaction position and energy information provided by the 3D CZT drift strip detector. In conclusion, the model performance is compared to real event data. We show that the model performance is greatly improved using the newly calculated 3D maps compared to the uniform material properties provided by the crystal manufacturer.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
ISSN0018-9499
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
IEEE

Keywords

  • 3D CZT detectors
  • Carrier lifetime and mobility
  • CZT Drift Strip Detectors
  • Digitized pulse shape analysis
  • Shape

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