Carbon Neutral CH4 production during CO2 Storage in Permafrost and Marine Environment

Jyoti Shanker Pandey, Charilaos Karantonidis, Nicolas von Solms

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Abstract

CO2-rich gas injection into natural gas hydrate reservoirs is proposed as a carbon-neutral, novel technique to store CO2 while simultaneously producing CH4 gas from methane hydrate deposits without disturbing geological settings. Geological sequestration of CO2-rich gas in natural gas hydrate reservoirs for CO2 capture and storage technique has a lower technical and cost barrier compared to other industrial alternate. This novel technique has ability to contribute to global warming mitigation strategies, including carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) and methane release prevention into the atmosphere hydrate melting caused by global warming. CO2 storage and simultaneous CH4 production is known as hydrate swapping. In this study, we have studied hydrate swapping in sands in the presence of low dosage chemicals including alcohols, surfactant and amino acids.

Through this study, we have demonstrated the novel application of anti-agglomerate and hydrate inhibitor additives when used in low concentration to enhance CH4-CO2 hydrate exchange. This research opens the possibility of CO2 storage in methane hydrate without disturbing the geological formation using the CH4-CO2 hydrate exchange processes in the presence of anti-agglomeration additives. Presence of these chemicals in water would delay hydrate formation at the gas-liquid interface during CO2 injection into methane hydrate and would create dispersed hydrate morphology. Delay in hydrate film formation and its dispersed nature would allow additional CO2 gas molecule availability for CH4-CO2 swapping, thus improving both CH4 recovery and CO2 storage.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2020
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventAIChE Renewable Natural Gas Summit - Virtual event
Duration: 3 Dec 20204 Dec 2020

Conference

ConferenceAIChE Renewable Natural Gas Summit
LocationVirtual event
Period03/12/202004/12/2020

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