Carbon, glass and basalt fiber reinforced polybenzoxazine: The effects of fiber reinforcement on mechanical, fire, smoke and toxicity properties

Nick Wolter, Vinicius Carrillo Beber, Anna Sandinge, Per Blomqvist, Frederik Goethals, Marc Van Hove, Elena Jubete, Bernd Mayer, Katharina Koschek*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

17 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Bisphenol F and aniline-based benzoxazine monomers were selected to fabricate basalt, glass and carbon fiber reinforced polybenzoxazine via vacuum infusion, respectively. The impacts of the type of fiber reinforcement on the resulting material properties of the fiber reinforced polymers (FRPs) were studied. FRPs exhibited a homogenous morphology with completely impregnated fibers and near-zero porosity. Carbon fiber reinforced polybenzoxazine showed the highest specific mechanical properties because of its low density and high modulus and strength. However, regarding the flammability, fire, smoke and toxicity properties, glass and basalt reinforced polybenzoxazine outperformed carbon fiber reinforced polybenzoxazine. This work offers a deeper understanding of how different types of fiber reinforcement affect polybenzoxazinebased FRPs and provides access to FRPs with inherently good fire, smoke and toxicity performance without the need for further flame retardant additives.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2379
JournalPolymers
Volume12
Issue number10
Number of pages15
ISSN2073-4360
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Polymer-matrix composites
  • Fibers
  • Mechanical properties
  • Thermal properties
  • Polybenzoxazine
  • Fire
  • Smoke and toxicity

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Carbon, glass and basalt fiber reinforced polybenzoxazine: The effects of fiber reinforcement on mechanical, fire, smoke and toxicity properties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this