Carbon dioxide solubility in reference and vegetable lubricants developed for two stroke engines

Teresa Regueira Muñiz, Olivia Fandino, Luis Lugo, Enriqueta R. Lopez, Josefa Fernandez

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The solubilities of carbon dioxide, CO2, in a reference semi-synthetic oil and in a developed vegetable-sunflower-based oil for two stroke engines have been measured from 283 K to 348 K and pressures up to 9 MPa in a high pressure gas solubility apparatus that works in isochoric conditions. The densities of the developed vegetable oil from 293 K to 353 K and pressures up to 60 MPa were also measured by using a vibrating tube technique. It was found that the solubility of CO2 in the vegetable oil is higher than in the reference semi-synthetic oil. The solubility of CO2 in both lubricants decreases when the temperature increases. In addition, we have found that the solubilities of O-2 in these lubricants are between 7 and 10 times lower than those of CO2. Furthermore, PC-SAFT EoS was employed to model the solubility behavior of CO2 in both lubricants and the goodness of Carvalho and Coutinho model for prediction of CO2 solubility in low volatile solvents was checked for these lubricants. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of Supercritical Fluids
Volume68
Pages (from-to)123-130
ISSN0896-8446
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CHEMISTRY,
  • ENGINEERING,
  • VAPOR-PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS
  • OIL-BASED LUBRICANTS
  • PERTURBATION-THEORY
  • DIPENTAERYTHRITOL ESTER
  • SUPERCRITICAL CO2
  • LIQUID-EQUILIBRIA
  • BASE-STOCKS
  • TEMPERATURES
  • EQUATION
  • OXYGEN
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Solubility
  • Density
  • Two stroke engines
  • Lubricant
  • PC-SAFT
  • Density (specific gravity)
  • Lubricants
  • Synthetic lubricants
  • Vegetable oils
  • High pressure gas solubility
  • Isochoric conditions
  • Solubility behavior
  • Temperature increase
  • Two-stroke engine
  • Vibrating tubes
  • Volatile solvents

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