CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION ASSOCIATED WITH THE PRODUCTION OF PLASTICS - A COMPARISON OF PRODUCTION FROM CRUDE OIL AND RECYCLING FOR THE DUTCH CASE

Peter C. Rem, Stig Irving Olsen, Jan-Henk Welink, Norbert Fraunholcz

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    Abstract

    Literature data show that in general, plastics produced through the mechanical recycling route involve less carbon dioxide emission than when produced from crude oil. A review of readily available data shows that road transport of untreated waste plastics account for a significant portion of the carbon dioxide emission generated during recycling. Therefore, much carbon dioxide emission can be saved by optimizing the logistics in the recycling of plastics. On the example of polyolefins originating from household packaging waste, this paper attempts to compare two different scenarios of mechanical recycling to the production of plastics from crude oil as a reference. The first scenario deals with packaging waste from selective collection, in which data from the current practice of the German DSD system were translated for the Dutch situation. In the second scenario, plastic packaging recovered from household waste using mechanical separation techniques is considered. It is assumed in the second scenario that the plastics are separated from the rest of the household waste and processed further to a compound close to the site at which the rest of the waste is disposed of, e.g. at an incinerator plant or landfill site. This scenario is assumed to involve the least of road transport of existing recycling options. The data presented in this paper represent the results of a preliminary study.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT JOURNAL
    Volume8
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)973-980
    ISSN1582-9596
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    EventInternational Conference on Materials Science and Engineering - Brasov, ROMANIA
    Duration: 1 Jan 2009 → …

    Conference

    ConferenceInternational Conference on Materials Science and Engineering
    CityBrasov, ROMANIA
    Period01/01/2009 → …

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