Carbon- and metal-based mediators modulate anaerobic methanogensis and phenol removal: focusing on stimulatory and inhibitory mechanism

Xiaofang Pan, Nan Lv, Guanjing Cai, Mingdian Zhou, Ruming Wang, Chunxing Li, Jing Ning, Junjie Li, Yanlin Li, Zhilong Ye, Gefu Zhu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, anaerobic batch experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of carbon-based (biochar) and metal-based (nanoscale zero-valent iron, NZVI and zero valent iron, ZVI) mediators on the AD process treating phenolic wastewater. Fresh apricot shell- and wood-derived biochar (BiocharA, BiocharB) could remove the phenol efficiently (77.1% and 86.2%), suggesting that biodegradation cooperated with adsorption had advantage in phenol removal. BiocharB, NZVI and ZVI enhanced the methane production by 17.6%, 23.7% and 23.2%, respectively. Apart from serving as carrier for microbial growth, BiocharB might promote the direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) since the Anaerolineaceae/Clostridium sensu stricto, which have potential for DIET, were enriched. NZVI and ZVI added systems mainly enhanced the abundance of Clostridium sensu stricto (24.5%, 37.6%) and Methanosaeta. Interestingly, BiocharA inhibited the methanogenesis completely. An inhibitory mechanism was proposed: the exposure of absorbed microbes on the BiocharA to the highly concentrated phenol in biochar’ pores resulted in the inhibition of methanogens, especially for Methanosarcina. In conclusion, this study showed that suitable biochar (BiocharB) could serve as an alternative redox mediator for realizing simultaneously the efficient phenol removal and methane production.
Original languageEnglish
Article number126615
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
ISSN0304-3894
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

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