Callus and cell suspension cultures of carnation

Kjeld Christensen Engvild

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Callus cultures of carnation, Dianthus caryophyllus L. ev. G. J. Sim, were grown on a synthetic medium of half strength Murashige and Skoog salts, 3 % sucrose, 100 mg/l of myo-inositol, 0.5 mg/l each of thiamin, HCl, pyridoxin, HCl and nicotinic acid and 10 g/l agar. Optimal concentrations of growth regulators were observed to be 3 × 10−6M indoleacetic acid (JAA) combined with 3 × 10−6M benzylaminopurin (BAP) or 10−6M 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) alone. IAA + BAP caused a 100 fold increase in fresh weight over 4 weeks at 25°C. Addition of casein hydrolysate increased growth further. Cell suspension cultures worked best in media containing 2,4-D in which they had a doubling time of about 2 days. Filtered suspensions were successfully plated on agar in petri dishes, but division was never observed in single cells. The cultures initiated roots at higher concentrations of IAA or NAA, but all attempts to induce formation of shoots or em-bryoids gave negative results.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
    Volume26
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)62-66
    ISSN0031-9317
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1972

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