Calibration of HPGe–HPGe coincidence spectrometer through performing standardisation of  125I activity by X-ray-gamma coincidence spectrometry using two HPGe detectors

Nikola Marković*, Per Roos, Xiaolin Hou, Guillaume Lutter, Sven Poul Nielsen

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    An X-ray-gamma coincidence measurement method for efficiency calibration of a HPGe–HPGe system, using the methodology for activity standardisation of 125I, has been developed. By taking one list-mode time-stamped measurement of the 125I source, six spectra were generated in post-processing: total spectra, coincidence spectra and energy gated coincidence spectra for each of the two detectors. The method provides enough observables for source activity to be determined without a prior knowledge of the detector efficiencies. In addition, once the source is calibrated in this way the same spectra can also be used to perform efficiency calibration of the individual detectors in the low energy range. This new methodology for source activity determination is an alternative to the already established X-ray-(X-ray, gamma) coincidence counting method; with two NaI(Tl) detectors and the sum-peak method using a single HPGe detector. When compared to the coincidence counting method using two NaI(Tl) detectors, the newly developed method displays improved energy resolution of HPGe detectors combined with measurement of only full peak areas, without the need for total efficiency determination. This enables activity determination even in presence of other gamma emitters in the sample. Standard coincidence counting with NaI(Tl) detectors provides lower uncertainties. The method has been used for calibration of a coincidence HPGe spectrometer in the low energy range of 125I and fine adjustments of a Monte Carlo model of the coincidence system.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
    Volume880
    Pages (from-to)194-200
    Number of pages7
    ISSN0168-9002
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Cite this

    @article{de56010712464a5a9af01394459d3b59,
    title = "Calibration of HPGe–HPGe coincidence spectrometer through performing standardisation of  125I activity by X-ray-gamma coincidence spectrometry using two HPGe detectors",
    abstract = "An X-ray-gamma coincidence measurement method for efficiency calibration of a HPGe–HPGe system, using the methodology for activity standardisation of 125I, has been developed. By taking one list-mode time-stamped measurement of the 125I source, six spectra were generated in post-processing: total spectra, coincidence spectra and energy gated coincidence spectra for each of the two detectors. The method provides enough observables for source activity to be determined without a prior knowledge of the detector efficiencies. In addition, once the source is calibrated in this way the same spectra can also be used to perform efficiency calibration of the individual detectors in the low energy range. This new methodology for source activity determination is an alternative to the already established X-ray-(X-ray, gamma) coincidence counting method; with two NaI(Tl) detectors and the sum-peak method using a single HPGe detector. When compared to the coincidence counting method using two NaI(Tl) detectors, the newly developed method displays improved energy resolution of HPGe detectors combined with measurement of only full peak areas, without the need for total efficiency determination. This enables activity determination even in presence of other gamma emitters in the sample. Standard coincidence counting with NaI(Tl) detectors provides lower uncertainties. The method has been used for calibration of a coincidence HPGe spectrometer in the low energy range of 125I and fine adjustments of a Monte Carlo model of the coincidence system.",
    author = "Nikola Marković and Per Roos and Xiaolin Hou and Guillaume Lutter and Nielsen, {Sven Poul}",
    year = "2018",
    doi = "10.1016/j.nima.2017.10.086",
    language = "English",
    volume = "880",
    pages = "194--200",
    journal = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment",
    issn = "0168-9002",
    publisher = "Elsevier",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Calibration of HPGe–HPGe coincidence spectrometer through performing standardisation of  125I activity by X-ray-gamma coincidence spectrometry using two HPGe detectors

    AU - Marković, Nikola

    AU - Roos, Per

    AU - Hou, Xiaolin

    AU - Lutter, Guillaume

    AU - Nielsen, Sven Poul

    PY - 2018

    Y1 - 2018

    N2 - An X-ray-gamma coincidence measurement method for efficiency calibration of a HPGe–HPGe system, using the methodology for activity standardisation of 125I, has been developed. By taking one list-mode time-stamped measurement of the 125I source, six spectra were generated in post-processing: total spectra, coincidence spectra and energy gated coincidence spectra for each of the two detectors. The method provides enough observables for source activity to be determined without a prior knowledge of the detector efficiencies. In addition, once the source is calibrated in this way the same spectra can also be used to perform efficiency calibration of the individual detectors in the low energy range. This new methodology for source activity determination is an alternative to the already established X-ray-(X-ray, gamma) coincidence counting method; with two NaI(Tl) detectors and the sum-peak method using a single HPGe detector. When compared to the coincidence counting method using two NaI(Tl) detectors, the newly developed method displays improved energy resolution of HPGe detectors combined with measurement of only full peak areas, without the need for total efficiency determination. This enables activity determination even in presence of other gamma emitters in the sample. Standard coincidence counting with NaI(Tl) detectors provides lower uncertainties. The method has been used for calibration of a coincidence HPGe spectrometer in the low energy range of 125I and fine adjustments of a Monte Carlo model of the coincidence system.

    AB - An X-ray-gamma coincidence measurement method for efficiency calibration of a HPGe–HPGe system, using the methodology for activity standardisation of 125I, has been developed. By taking one list-mode time-stamped measurement of the 125I source, six spectra were generated in post-processing: total spectra, coincidence spectra and energy gated coincidence spectra for each of the two detectors. The method provides enough observables for source activity to be determined without a prior knowledge of the detector efficiencies. In addition, once the source is calibrated in this way the same spectra can also be used to perform efficiency calibration of the individual detectors in the low energy range. This new methodology for source activity determination is an alternative to the already established X-ray-(X-ray, gamma) coincidence counting method; with two NaI(Tl) detectors and the sum-peak method using a single HPGe detector. When compared to the coincidence counting method using two NaI(Tl) detectors, the newly developed method displays improved energy resolution of HPGe detectors combined with measurement of only full peak areas, without the need for total efficiency determination. This enables activity determination even in presence of other gamma emitters in the sample. Standard coincidence counting with NaI(Tl) detectors provides lower uncertainties. The method has been used for calibration of a coincidence HPGe spectrometer in the low energy range of 125I and fine adjustments of a Monte Carlo model of the coincidence system.

    U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2017.10.086

    DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2017.10.086

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 880

    SP - 194

    EP - 200

    JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

    JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

    SN - 0168-9002

    ER -