Business model innovation for circular economy: integrating literature and practice into a conceptual process model

Marina de Pádua Pieroni*, Tim McAloone, Daniela Pigosso

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

302 Downloads (Pure)


A key question regarding business model innovation/development for circular economy is ?how to make it happen in practice"? By systematically reviewing 92 approaches from circular economy and sustainability literature and practice, this research identifies requirements and proposes a holistic and systemic process for business model innovation for circular economy. This conceptual process model was consolidated based on the integration of the unique elements of sixteen existing process models. It comprises three-stages (sense, seize, transform) based on a dynamic capabilities view, and envisions 33 activities, 21 deliverables, 88 techniques/tools and 13 enablers or catalyzers for change. Besides enabling the view of processes and procedures with behavior and learning skills required to inspire circular economy thinking in business model innovation, it highlights the importance of 'formalized' decision-making procedures and includes activities to integrate sustainability thinking and to support the identification of required changes in product innovation/development.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Design Society: 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED19)
EditorsSandro Wartzack, Benjamin Schleich
PublisherCambridge University Press
Publication date2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event22nd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED19) - Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 5 Aug 20198 Aug 2019


Conference22nd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED19)
SeriesProceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design

Bibliographical note

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.


  • Circular economy
  • Sustainability
  • Business models and considerations
  • Process model

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Business model innovation for circular economy: integrating literature and practice into a conceptual process model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this