Burfellshraun - a terrestrial analogue to recent volcanism on mars

Henning Haack, Jørgen Dall, Matti Rossi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


The up to 2000 km long and very young lava flows from Elysium Planitia to Amazonis Planitia on Mars often include km-sized rafting plates. We have studied the unique Burfellshraun lava field east of lake Myvatn in Iceland that, although on a much smaller scale, share many characteristics of the Martian flows. Up to km-sized plates have flowed several km downsteam from the vent area. Our remote sensing studies and field work suggest that the type of eruption seen in Burfellshraun can be found nowhere else on Earth. The only similar lava flows that we have found are those on Mars. Our study of the formation of Burfellshraun provides new constraints and insight into the extensive recent volcanic activity on Mars.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX, USA
Publication date2004
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Event35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: 15 Mar 200419 Mar 2004


Conference35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHouston, TX


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