Bryophytes - an emerging source for herbal remedies and chemical production

Marko S. Sabovljevic, Aneta D. Sabovljević, Nur Kusaira K. Ikram, Anantha Vithakshana Peramuna, Hansol Bae, Henrik Toft Simonsen

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    Abstract

    Bryophytes (including mosses, liverworts and hornworts) are a heterogeneous group of terrestrial plants, which comprise over 24,000 species worldwide. Given the various biological activities reported
    from bryophytes, they have a huge commercial potential. Due to their minute size and rather small biomass in various ecosystems, bryophytes are a seldom part of ethnomedicine and rarely subject to medicinal and chemical analyses. Still, hundreds of novel natural products have been isolated from bryophytes. Bryophytes have been shown to contain numerous potentially useful natural products,
    including polysaccharides, lipids, rare amino acids, terpenoids, phenylpropanoids, quinones and many other specialized metabolites. Additionally, different bryophyte extracts and isolated compounds
    have shown antimicrobial, antiviral, cytotoxic, nematocidal, insecticidal, effects on smooth and non-striated muscles, weight loss, plant growth regulators and allelopathic activities. Bryophytes also cause allergies and contact dermatitis. All these effects highlight bryophytes as potential source for herbal remedies and production of chemicals to be used in various products.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPlant Genetic Resources
    Volume14
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)314-327
    Number of pages14
    ISSN1479-2621
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Keywords

    • Biological activity
    • Ethnomedicine
    • Liverworts
    • Mosses
    • Specialized metabolites

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