Breaking phase focused wave group loads on offshore wind turbine monopiles

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The current method for calculating extreme wave loads on offshore wind turbine structures is based on engineering models for non-breaking regular waves. The present article has the aim of validating previously developed models at DTU, namely the OceanWave3D potential flow wave model and a coupled OceanWave3D-OpenFOAM solver, against measurements of focused wave group impacts on a monopile. The focused 2D and 3D wave groups are reproduced and the free surface elevation and the in-line forces are compared to the experimental results. In addition, the pressure distribution on the monopile is examined at the time of maximum force and discussed in terms of shape and magnitude. Relative pressure time series are also compared between the simulations and experiments and detailed pressure fields for a 2D and 3D impact are discussed in terms of impact type. In general a good match for free surface elevation, in-line force and wave-induced pressures is found.
Original languageEnglish
Book seriesJournal of Physics: Conference Series (Online)
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventThe Science of Making Torque from Wind 2016 - Technische Universität München (TUM), Munich, Germany
Duration: 5 Oct 20167 Oct 2016
Conference number: 6


ConferenceThe Science of Making Torque from Wind 2016
LocationTechnische Universität München (TUM)
Internet address

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