Breakfast in human nutrition: The international breakfast research initiative

Michael J. Gibney*, Susan I. Barr, France Bellisle, Adam Drewnowski, Sisse Fagt, Barbara Livingstone, Gabriel Masset, Gregorio Varela Moreiras, Luis A. Moreno, Jessica Smith, Florent Vieux, Frank Thielecke, Sinead Hopkins

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Breakfast is often referred to as the most important meal of the day and in recent years has been implicated in weight control, cardio-metabolic risk factors and cognitive performance although, at present, the literature remains inconclusive as to the precise health benefits of breakfast. There are extensive reports of breakfast’s contributions to daily food and nutrient intakes, as well as many studies that have compared daily food and nutrient intakes by breakfast consumers and skippers. However, significant variation exists in the definitions of breakfast and breakfast skippers, and in methods used to relate breakfast nutrient intakes to overall diet quality. The present review describes a novel and harmonised approach to the study of the nutritional impact of breakfast through The International Breakfast research Initiative involving national dietary survey data from Canada, Denmark, France, Spain, the UK and the USA. It is anticipated that the analysis of such data along harmonised lines, will allow the project to achieve its primary goal of exploring approaches to defining optimal breakfast food and nutrient intakes. Such data will be of value to public health nutrition policy-makers and food manufacturers and will also allow consistent messaging to help consumers to optimize food choices at breakfast.

Original languageEnglish
Article number559
JournalNutrients
Volume10
Issue number5
Number of pages12
ISSN2072-6643
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

Keywords

  • Breakfast
  • Breakfast foods
  • Breakfast guidelines
  • Breakfast nutrients

Cite this

Gibney, M. J., Barr, S. I., Bellisle, F., Drewnowski, A., Fagt, S., Livingstone, B., ... Hopkins, S. (2018). Breakfast in human nutrition: The international breakfast research initiative. Nutrients, 10(5), [559]. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10050559
Gibney, Michael J. ; Barr, Susan I. ; Bellisle, France ; Drewnowski, Adam ; Fagt, Sisse ; Livingstone, Barbara ; Masset, Gabriel ; Moreiras, Gregorio Varela ; Moreno, Luis A. ; Smith, Jessica ; Vieux, Florent ; Thielecke, Frank ; Hopkins, Sinead. / Breakfast in human nutrition: The international breakfast research initiative. In: Nutrients. 2018 ; Vol. 10, No. 5.
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Gibney, MJ, Barr, SI, Bellisle, F, Drewnowski, A, Fagt, S, Livingstone, B, Masset, G, Moreiras, GV, Moreno, LA, Smith, J, Vieux, F, Thielecke, F & Hopkins, S 2018, 'Breakfast in human nutrition: The international breakfast research initiative', Nutrients, vol. 10, no. 5, 559. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10050559

Breakfast in human nutrition: The international breakfast research initiative. / Gibney, Michael J.; Barr, Susan I.; Bellisle, France; Drewnowski, Adam; Fagt, Sisse; Livingstone, Barbara; Masset, Gabriel; Moreiras, Gregorio Varela; Moreno, Luis A.; Smith, Jessica; Vieux, Florent; Thielecke, Frank; Hopkins, Sinead.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 10, No. 5, 559, 01.05.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Breakfast in human nutrition: The international breakfast research initiative

AU - Gibney, Michael J.

AU - Barr, Susan I.

AU - Bellisle, France

AU - Drewnowski, Adam

AU - Fagt, Sisse

AU - Livingstone, Barbara

AU - Masset, Gabriel

AU - Moreiras, Gregorio Varela

AU - Moreno, Luis A.

AU - Smith, Jessica

AU - Vieux, Florent

AU - Thielecke, Frank

AU - Hopkins, Sinead

PY - 2018/5/1

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N2 - Breakfast is often referred to as the most important meal of the day and in recent years has been implicated in weight control, cardio-metabolic risk factors and cognitive performance although, at present, the literature remains inconclusive as to the precise health benefits of breakfast. There are extensive reports of breakfast’s contributions to daily food and nutrient intakes, as well as many studies that have compared daily food and nutrient intakes by breakfast consumers and skippers. However, significant variation exists in the definitions of breakfast and breakfast skippers, and in methods used to relate breakfast nutrient intakes to overall diet quality. The present review describes a novel and harmonised approach to the study of the nutritional impact of breakfast through The International Breakfast research Initiative involving national dietary survey data from Canada, Denmark, France, Spain, the UK and the USA. It is anticipated that the analysis of such data along harmonised lines, will allow the project to achieve its primary goal of exploring approaches to defining optimal breakfast food and nutrient intakes. Such data will be of value to public health nutrition policy-makers and food manufacturers and will also allow consistent messaging to help consumers to optimize food choices at breakfast.

AB - Breakfast is often referred to as the most important meal of the day and in recent years has been implicated in weight control, cardio-metabolic risk factors and cognitive performance although, at present, the literature remains inconclusive as to the precise health benefits of breakfast. There are extensive reports of breakfast’s contributions to daily food and nutrient intakes, as well as many studies that have compared daily food and nutrient intakes by breakfast consumers and skippers. However, significant variation exists in the definitions of breakfast and breakfast skippers, and in methods used to relate breakfast nutrient intakes to overall diet quality. The present review describes a novel and harmonised approach to the study of the nutritional impact of breakfast through The International Breakfast research Initiative involving national dietary survey data from Canada, Denmark, France, Spain, the UK and the USA. It is anticipated that the analysis of such data along harmonised lines, will allow the project to achieve its primary goal of exploring approaches to defining optimal breakfast food and nutrient intakes. Such data will be of value to public health nutrition policy-makers and food manufacturers and will also allow consistent messaging to help consumers to optimize food choices at breakfast.

KW - Breakfast

KW - Breakfast foods

KW - Breakfast guidelines

KW - Breakfast nutrients

U2 - 10.3390/nu10050559

DO - 10.3390/nu10050559

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JO - Nutrients

JF - Nutrients

SN - 2072-6643

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M1 - 559

ER -

Gibney MJ, Barr SI, Bellisle F, Drewnowski A, Fagt S, Livingstone B et al. Breakfast in human nutrition: The international breakfast research initiative. Nutrients. 2018 May 1;10(5). 559. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10050559