Bose-Einstein condensation of S=1 nickel spin degrees of freedom in NiCl2-4SC(NH2)2

V.S. Zapf, D. Zocco, Britt Rosendahl Hansen, M. Jaime, N. Harrison, C.D. Batista, M. Kenzelmann, C. Niedermayer, A. Lacerda, A. Paduan-Filho

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


It has recently been suggested that the organic compound NiCl2-4SC(NH2)2 (DTN) undergoes field-induced Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) of the Ni spin degrees of freedom. The Ni S = 1 spins exhibit
three-dimensional XY antiferromagnetism above a critical field Hc1 ∼ 2 T. The spin fluid can be described as a gas of hard-core bosons where the field-induced antiferromagnetic transition corresponds
to Bose-Einstein condensation. We have determined the spin Hamiltonian of DTN using inelastic neutron diffraction measurements, and we have studied the high-field phase diagram by means of specific heat and magnetocaloric effect measurements. Our results show that the field-temperature phase boundary approaches a power-law H - Hc1 ∞ Tαc near the quantum critical point, with an exponent that is
consistent with the 3D BEC universal value of α= 1.5.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Pages (from-to)077204
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes


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