Boosting the performance and durability of Ni/YSZ cathode for hydrogen production at high current densities via decoration with nano-sized electrocatalysts

Simona Ovtar, Xiaofeng Tong, Janet J. Bentzen, Karl T. S. Thydén, Søren Bredmose Simonsen, Ming Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Conventional Ni/yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrodes in solid oxide cells experience fast degradation when operated for the electrolysis of steam at high current densities. This study presents a relatively simple procedure of infiltrating Ce0.8Gd0.2O2-δ (CGO) nanoparticles into the Ni/YSZ electrode to achieve a stable cell performance. The long-term durability tests of the cells with a bare Ni/YSZ electrode and a CGO-infiltrated Ni/YSZ electrode were performed at 800 °C and -1.25 A cm-2. The cell stability was investigated by measuring the cell voltage and obtaining the electro-chemical impedance spectra. The post-mortem analysis of the tested cells was conducted via scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The CGO nanoparticle infiltration reduced the cell voltage degradation rate from 699 mV kh-1 for the bare Ni/YSZ electrode to 66 mV kh-1 for the infiltrated electrode. The investigation showed that after introducing CGO nanoparticles, the steam reduction mechanism changed, and the electrode degradation originated from different mechanisms than that for the bare Ni/YSZ electrode.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNanoscale
Volume11
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)4394-4406
ISSN2040-3364
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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