Black-start of microgrids: Insights based on demonstration sites in Europe and India

Mirza Nuhic, Alexandros Paspatis, Kamini Shahare

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This paper provides an insight into power system restoration on a small scale, where the distributed generation in microgrids is used to facilitate black-start strategies to provide faster and efficient power restoration. The idea was to employ non-conventional and renewable generation for black-start provision in microgrids with implementation of grid-forming strategies and control coordination. Both AC and DC microgrids, operating in grid-connected and islanded modes, were considered in this work and exemplified on three study cases based on the demonstration sites of the Re-Empowered project (locations in Denmark, Greece and India). Case studies include a larger system in Bornholm, where the network was sectionalized into two smaller microgrids and subsequently established simultaneously, before being synchronized and interconnected. Two additional studies are based on a smaller scale AC and DC islanded micro-grids, where different methods for black-start were considered.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2023 IEEE PES ISTG Europe
Number of pages6
Publication date2024
ISBN (Electronic)979-8-3503-9678-2
Publication statusPublished - 2024
Event2023 IEEE PES ISTG Europe - Grenoble, France
Duration: 23 Oct 202326 Oct 2023


Conference2023 IEEE PES ISTG Europe


  • Black-start
  • Grid-forming converts
  • Microgrid sectionalization
  • Microgrid synchronization
  • DC microgrids


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