Black Start and Island Operation Capabilities of Wind Power Plants

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Abstract

Current practice of wind turbines’ start-up relies on the electricity available at the network that they are connected. Hence, in case of a long duration of electricity shortage, external auxiliary power supplies are needed for starting and running the wind turbines or at least for powering their internal auxiliary loads. The state of the art wind turbines with power electronics based converters can be equipped with functions such that they can start and run without the need for external auxiliary power supplies; and furthermore wind power plants composed of the state of the art wind turbines can form grid voltage and operate as a stiff voltage source, as long as wind blows. This can help fast and environmental friendly black start solutions by wind turbines for power system restoration and also use of cost effective offshore HVDC converters (e.g. diode rectifier) as well.

Additionally, this would help to avoid today’s necessity of auxiliary diesel generators for offshore wind power plants, which in turn would increase reliability and decrease cost. In this paper the background and existing solutions for wind turbine and wind power plant (self) start-up and island operation are presented, while the challenges are identified as future focus areas.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 16th Wind Integration Workshop
Number of pages4
Publication date2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event16th International Workshop on Large-Scale Integration of Wind Power into Power Systems as well as on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Power Plants - Berlin, Germany
Duration: 25 Oct 201727 Oct 2017

Conference

Conference16th International Workshop on Large-Scale Integration of Wind Power into Power Systems as well as on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Power Plants
Country/TerritoryGermany
CityBerlin
Period25/10/201727/10/2017

Keywords

  • Wind turbine
  • Black start
  • Offshore wind
  • Auxiliary power supply

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