Bivalve aquaculture transfers in Atlantic Europe. Part A: Transfer activities and legal framework

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2014Researchpeer-review

  • Author: Muehlbauer, F.

  • Author: Fraser, D.

    Marine Scotland

  • Author: Brenner, M.

  • Author: Van Nieuwenhove, K.

    Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research

  • Author: Buck, B.H.

  • Author: Strand, O.

    Institute of Marine Research

  • Author: Mazurié, J.

    L'Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer

  • Author: Thorarinsdottir, G.

    Marine Research Institute Reykjavik

  • Author: Dolmer, Per

    Danish Shellfish Centre, National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark

  • Author: O`Beirn, F.

    Marine Institute

  • Author: Sanchez-Mata, A.

    Centre for Marine Research

  • Author: Flimlin, G.

    Rutgers Cooperative Extension

  • Author: Kamermans, P.

    Wageningen University & Research

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Intentional transfers of numerous bivalve species have had a long tradition and are commonly conducted along the European Atlantic coast. However numerous studies have concluded that intentional transfer of species for aquaculture purposes is one of the most principal vectors for the introduction of exotic species around the world. Threats due to the transfer and introduction of species have been identified and a range of global and regional agreements, guidelines, standards and statutes to minimize effects have been established. Yet whether such regulations can protect and conserve the marine environment and address economic considerations remains unanswered. This study provides the first overview of bivalve transfer activities for aquaculture purposes along the European Atlantic coast. Existing international and EU legislation is described, and potential weaknesses in the existing legislative frameworks are discussed. Recommendations for the development of integrated risk assessment methods are given. These may help to minimize the intrinsic threats of transfer activities in marine environments. The resulting impacts and effects of transfer activities of bivalves for aquaculture purpose are addressed in detail in a companion paper.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOcean & Coastal Management
Pages (from-to)127-138
Publication statusPublished - 2014
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

ID: 88234236