Biopolymer phytagel-derived porous nanocarbon as efficient electrode material for high-performance symmetric solid-state supercapacitors

K. Karuppasamy, Prasanna K., P. Robert Ilango, Dhanasekaran Vikraman, Ranjith Bose, Akram Alfantazi, Hyun-Seok Kim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In the present work, a porous nano-carbon (PNC) based electrode materials were successfully derived from the natural biopolymer phytagel via a facile hydrothermal and combustion process. The carbon phase structure of the PNC electrode was confirmed using different spectroscopy, microscopy and Nadsorption-desorption analyses. The surface morphology investigation showed a distinct shape and size for the PNC that demonstrated its porous nature. The electrochemical performance of PNC was completely reliant on the calcination temperature (800 °C) and it delivered the maximum capacitance of 122 F g−1 at 0.25 Ag−1. An AC impedance and cyclic voltammetry analyses proved the intrinsic electrochemical behavior by their cycling. Besides, the fabricated symmetric solid-state supercapacitor displayed an outstanding cycle durability with a stable capacitance retention of 85.8% over 8000 cycles, suggesting favorable prospects for its use as an active candidate for symmetric solid-state supercapacitor applications.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Volume80
Pages (from-to)258-264
Number of pages7
ISSN1226-086X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Biopolymer
  • Hydrothermal
  • Porous carbon
  • Electrochemical properties

Cite this

Karuppasamy, K. ; K., Prasanna ; Ilango, P. Robert ; Vikraman, Dhanasekaran ; Bose, Ranjith ; Alfantazi, Akram ; Kim, Hyun-Seok . / Biopolymer phytagel-derived porous nanocarbon as efficient electrode material for high-performance symmetric solid-state supercapacitors. In: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 2019 ; Vol. 80. pp. 258-264.
@article{ee9bfb41d1e146bdb820c9c906d9b285,
title = "Biopolymer phytagel-derived porous nanocarbon as efficient electrode material for high-performance symmetric solid-state supercapacitors",
abstract = "In the present work, a porous nano-carbon (PNC) based electrode materials were successfully derived from the natural biopolymer phytagel via a facile hydrothermal and combustion process. The carbon phase structure of the PNC electrode was confirmed using different spectroscopy, microscopy and N2 adsorption-desorption analyses. The surface morphology investigation showed a distinct shape and size for the PNC that demonstrated its porous nature. The electrochemical performance of PNC was completely reliant on the calcination temperature (800 °C) and it delivered the maximum capacitance of 122 F g−1 at 0.25 Ag−1. An AC impedance and cyclic voltammetry analyses proved the intrinsic electrochemical behavior by their cycling. Besides, the fabricated symmetric solid-state supercapacitor displayed an outstanding cycle durability with a stable capacitance retention of 85.8{\%} over 8000 cycles, suggesting favorable prospects for its use as an active candidate for symmetric solid-state supercapacitor applications.",
keywords = "Biopolymer, Hydrothermal, Porous carbon, Electrochemical properties",
author = "K. Karuppasamy and Prasanna K. and Ilango, {P. Robert} and Dhanasekaran Vikraman and Ranjith Bose and Akram Alfantazi and Hyun-Seok Kim",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.jiec.2019.08.003",
language = "English",
volume = "80",
pages = "258--264",
journal = "Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry",
issn = "1226-086X",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Biopolymer phytagel-derived porous nanocarbon as efficient electrode material for high-performance symmetric solid-state supercapacitors. / Karuppasamy, K.; K., Prasanna; Ilango, P. Robert ; Vikraman, Dhanasekaran ; Bose, Ranjith ; Alfantazi, Akram ; Kim, Hyun-Seok .

In: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol. 80, 2019, p. 258-264.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biopolymer phytagel-derived porous nanocarbon as efficient electrode material for high-performance symmetric solid-state supercapacitors

AU - Karuppasamy, K.

AU - K., Prasanna

AU - Ilango, P. Robert

AU - Vikraman, Dhanasekaran

AU - Bose, Ranjith

AU - Alfantazi, Akram

AU - Kim, Hyun-Seok

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - In the present work, a porous nano-carbon (PNC) based electrode materials were successfully derived from the natural biopolymer phytagel via a facile hydrothermal and combustion process. The carbon phase structure of the PNC electrode was confirmed using different spectroscopy, microscopy and N2 adsorption-desorption analyses. The surface morphology investigation showed a distinct shape and size for the PNC that demonstrated its porous nature. The electrochemical performance of PNC was completely reliant on the calcination temperature (800 °C) and it delivered the maximum capacitance of 122 F g−1 at 0.25 Ag−1. An AC impedance and cyclic voltammetry analyses proved the intrinsic electrochemical behavior by their cycling. Besides, the fabricated symmetric solid-state supercapacitor displayed an outstanding cycle durability with a stable capacitance retention of 85.8% over 8000 cycles, suggesting favorable prospects for its use as an active candidate for symmetric solid-state supercapacitor applications.

AB - In the present work, a porous nano-carbon (PNC) based electrode materials were successfully derived from the natural biopolymer phytagel via a facile hydrothermal and combustion process. The carbon phase structure of the PNC electrode was confirmed using different spectroscopy, microscopy and N2 adsorption-desorption analyses. The surface morphology investigation showed a distinct shape and size for the PNC that demonstrated its porous nature. The electrochemical performance of PNC was completely reliant on the calcination temperature (800 °C) and it delivered the maximum capacitance of 122 F g−1 at 0.25 Ag−1. An AC impedance and cyclic voltammetry analyses proved the intrinsic electrochemical behavior by their cycling. Besides, the fabricated symmetric solid-state supercapacitor displayed an outstanding cycle durability with a stable capacitance retention of 85.8% over 8000 cycles, suggesting favorable prospects for its use as an active candidate for symmetric solid-state supercapacitor applications.

KW - Biopolymer

KW - Hydrothermal

KW - Porous carbon

KW - Electrochemical properties

U2 - 10.1016/j.jiec.2019.08.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jiec.2019.08.003

M3 - Journal article

VL - 80

SP - 258

EP - 264

JO - Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry

JF - Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry

SN - 1226-086X

ER -