Biomimetic amniotic/silicone-based bilayer membrane for corneal tissue engineering

Zahra Esmaeili, Zeinab Nokhbedehghan, Sanaz Alizadeh, Jila majidi, Hadi Chahsetareh, Seyed Hashem Daryabari, Maryam Nazm-Bojnourdi, Majid Kadkhodaie, Maryam Ghaffari, Ali Hashemi, Hatef Ghasemi Hamidabadi*, Ahmad Ahmadzadeh Amiri, Hajar Nasiri, Alireza Dolatshahi-Pirouz, Mazaher Gholipourmalekabadi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Amniotic membrane (AM) is an effective and widely used dressing in ocular injuries to reconstruct the cornea. Due to its low mechanical strength, high biodegradation rate, and difficult handling, its usage in medical interventions remains challenging. In this study, decellularized AM was covered with an ultrathin layer of Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) through a spinning method, which in turn resulted in an ultrathin (less than 80 µm in thickness) bilayer corneal wound dressing membrane with improved mechanical behavior and transparency. The biomechanical, biological, and antibacterial properties of the bilayer membranes were measured both in vitro and in vivo. The optimized microsized membrane was applied on a corneal defect wound created in a rabbit model to evaluate the corneal healing. The results demonstrated a significant decrease in degradation rate, improved mechanical properties, and AM/PDMS transparency compared with AM. The corneal transparency improved until 21 days post-surgery in AM/PDMS group. Histological evaluations revealed that AM/PDMS had better epithelial delaminated cell morphology. The results of the RT-PCR showed a significant increase in MMP9, a significant decrease in Col1A1, TGF-β1, TNF-α and IL-6 in both AM and AM/PDMS compared with control wounds. This study suggessts AM/PDMS membrane as an excellent corneal wound dressing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112614
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume237
Number of pages15
ISSN0264-1275
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Amniotic membrane
  • Bilayer
  • Corneal tissue engineering
  • Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)
  • Silicone dressing

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