Biologically inspired design for environment

Torben A. Lenau*, Daniela C. A. Pigosso, Tim C. McAloone, Akhlesh Lakhtakia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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Design for Environment (DfE or ecodesign) aims at developing products with an enhanced environmental performance, without compromising functionality and other key requirements (such as cost and quality). Common DfE guidelines for
product design include: reduction of material diversity, extension of useful life (e.g., by enabling repair and upgrade), avoidance of toxic materials and nonrenewable resources, use of recycled components, and ease of disassembly and
recyclability after the end of useful life. DfE requires the integration of environmental considerations into the traditional design processes, supporting decisions that could enhance the environmental profile of the product. Biologically-inspired-
design (BID) teams identify and isolate the core principles of relevance for systems, products, and processes from the bioworld for consideration and possible incorporation during each of the design stages. Synergies and potential trade-offs existing between DfE and BID must be considered when integrating the two methodologies into Biologically Inspired Design for Environment for the design of products and systems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication X
EditorsMato Knez, Akhlesh Lakhtakia, Raúl J. Martín-Palma
Number of pages12
PublisherSPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication date2020
Article number113740E
ISBN (Print)9781510635258
ISBN (Electronic)9781510635265
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventSPIE Smart Structures + Nondestructive Evaluation - Online
Duration: 27 Apr 20208 May 2020


ConferenceSPIE Smart Structures + Nondestructive Evaluation
SeriesProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering


  • Biomimetics
  • Design
  • Engineered biomimicry
  • Environment
  • Sustainability

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