Biological transformation of phenols in a sandstone aquifer

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    Abstract

    Ammonia liquor with very high concentrations of phenols is known to have leaked into the subsurface at a former coal carbonization plant in the UK. High concentrations of ammonium has been encountered in the groundwater reservoir at the site. In spite of this no significant concentrations of phenols are found in the groundwater. In this study the potential for transformation of the phenols in the sandstone aquifer at the site under aerobic, nitrate enriched and ''unaltered'' (limited nitrate available, ironoxides and sulphate available) is investigated in laboratory microcosms. Preliminary results reveal complete transformation of phenol, cresols and 3,4-xylenol under all 3 conditions and of 2,5-xylenol under aerobic conditions and 3,5-xylenol under anoxic conditions. The potential for natural attenuation of the phenols in this aquifer appear very promising.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationBIOREMEDIATION SERIES
    Volume4
    Place of PublicationColumbus, OH
    PublisherBattelle Memorial Institute
    Publication date1997
    Edition2
    ISBN (Print)1-57477-031-4
    Publication statusPublished - 1997
    EventIn Situ and On-Site Bioremediation, 28 April - 1 May, Volume 2 - New Orleans
    Duration: 1 Jan 1997 → …

    Conference

    ConferenceIn Situ and On-Site Bioremediation, 28 April - 1 May, Volume 2
    CityNew Orleans
    Period01/01/1997 → …

    Cite this

    Broholm, M., & Arvin, E. (1997). Biological transformation of phenols in a sandstone aquifer. In BIOREMEDIATION SERIES (2 ed., Vol. 4). Battelle Memorial Institute.